This audit would examine the efficiency with which the Anti-Dumping Commission responds to dumping and subsidy claims.

The Anti-Dumping Commission investigates dumping and subsidy claims. Dumping is the activity of exporting goods at a cheaper price than what they would sell for in their country of origin. Governments may also provide their exporters with subsidies. The Australian Government’s anti-dumping and countervailing (anti-subsidy) system is intended to help Australian industry to compete against these imports.

Following an investigation of a dumping or subsidy claim, import duties can be imposed on the dumped or subsidised goods to remedy the injury caused. The Australian Border Force is charged with enforcing and collecting duties. The Anti-Dumping Commission reported that it introduced a new investigations model in 2017–18, finalising 123 matters that year, up from 105 in 2016–17.