This audit would assess the effectiveness of the Department of Agriculture’s (the department’s) activities in response to non-compliance with biosecurity obligations.

In June 2016, the Australian Government introduced a new biosecurity legislative framework—including the Biosecurity Act 2015—to manage the risk of pests and diseases entering Australian territory and causing harm to animal, plant and human health, the environment and the economy. The Biosecurity Act 2015 provides the department with an expanded range of enforcement tools, including increased levels of compliance monitoring, formal investigation, administrative actions and criminal prosecution. The audit would follow Auditor-General Report No. 34 of 2016–17, Implementation of the Biosecurity Legislative Framework, and focus on the department’s implementation of its compliance enforcement activities, including its management of investigations, under the new legislative framework.